Facts and Fallacies About Epilepsy

Philippine League Against Epilepsy, in celebration of National Epilepsy Awareness Week shared some facts and fallacies about Epilepsy that would help us to fully understand Epilepsy.

1. It is a mental condition and leads to insanity.

FACT: Epilepsy is a brain condition characterized by recurrent seizures. Seizures are sudden, brief abnormalities of behavior, thought, movement or sensation generally lasting for a few minutes. Seizures are caused by a hyperactive, disorganized electrical activity from the brain.

Although psychosis may be found in only 2-7% of persons with epilepsy, it is the exception rather than the rule.

2. It is caused by spirit possession or “pagsasapi”.

FACT: Although movies, literature and folklore refer to seizures as arising from a spirit possession because of some similarities in their manifestations, seizures can be documented scientifically as abnormal brain activity on EEG, unlike demon possession.

Seizures are not dealt with by exorcism or prayer; only by medications and in other cases, brain surgery and a special diet (ketogenic diet, doctor prescribed).

3. It is contagious or can be inherited. 

In the past decades, this fallacy has caused many patients with epilepsy to be shunned from society and from pursuing marriage and 

FACT: Many conditions can cause epilepsy. In a small number of patients (10-15%), the susceptibility or predisposition to develop seizures may be inherited. However, for the most number of patients, it can be due to other brain insults. It may happen in those with a history of head injury. It may also happen to those with hypoxic brain injury sustained from a birth complication ( lack of brain oxygen in the baby during child birth – ex. due to coiled cord around neck of baby, difficult labor, maternal complications leading to fetal distress). It may also result from an infection of the brain (meningitis, encephalitis), brain tumors, strokes, prolonged convulsions in childhood. The cause may be unknown in around 40% of cases.

This leads us to another interesting question:

4. Can Epilepsy be Prevented?

Many cases of epilepsy can be prevented by wearing seat belts and bicycle helmets, putting children in car seats, and other measures that prevent head injury and other trauma. Prescribing medication after first or second seizures or febrile seizures also may help prevent epilepsy in some cases. Good prenatal care, including treatment of high blood pressure and infections during pregnancy, can prevent brain damage in the developing baby that may lead to epilepsy and other neurological problems later.

Treating cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, infections, and other disorders that can affect the brain during adulthood and aging also may prevent many cases of epilepsy. Finally, identifying the genes for many neurological disorders can provide opportunities for genetic screening and prenatal diagnosis that may ultimately prevent many cases of epilepsy.

5. Epilepsy patients are retarded.

FACT: This is a misperception because epilepsy is highly prevalent among other disability groups such as autism (25.5%), cerebral palsy (13%), Down syndrome (13.6%) and mental retardation (25.5%). However, if one looks at the entire population of people suffering from epilepsy, majority of them have normal IQs, are able to go to school and sustain gainful employment.

6. Patients with epilepsy shouldn’t get stressed so they should not study or work or indulge in sports and leisure activity.

FACT: The relationship between the occurrence of psycho-mental stress and seizures is at present unstudied. Patients associate stressful periods with an increase in seizures. Many experts believe it is the effects of stress such as disturbed sleep and missing meals and medications that bring about an increase in seizures rather than the psychological or mental preoccupation itself.

The fact that there are philosophers, world leaders, artists, writers, politicians and athletes who have epilepsy prove that epilepsy should not pose a limitation to mental and physical activities.

7. Patients with epilepsy shouldn’t get married because they might pass on their epilepsy to their children. (See above on epilepsy and inheritance.)

8. When a patient starts to have a seizure, the best first aid is to stick a spoon inside

FACT: When a person goes into a seizure, there are very powerful muscle contractions that suddenly cause him to fall, stop breathing, bite his tongue and clamp his jaw.

Inserting an object into his mouth has been found to be more detrimental to the patients and has caused dental fractures, mouth lacerations and suffocation. It is not encouraged.

Rather, one should:

1) Cushion the patient’s head with a soft pillow.

2) Loosen his clothing around the neck.

3) Remove harmful objects around him which can hurt or injure him.

4) Turn him to his side to prevent suffocation and allow drainage of saliva.

5) Time the seizures. If seizures last 5 minutes or more or the patient has been injured, the patient should be brought immediately to the emergency room.

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9. Antiepileptic medications are toxic (“naluluto ang utak”) and should not be taken
for a long time. 

FACT: Epilepsy is a chronic condition and needs long term intake of antiepileptic drug, the minimum of which is 2-5 years, depending on its cause. Patients are always advised to take their medications daily to prevent seizures from recurring each day. There are minor side effects with long term intake, esp. on the bone, cognition, blood elements or liver but these can be monitored by the doctor on regular follow-up.


Get Ready For The Grand Finale Of Shopee 12.12 Big Christmas Sale

Shopee, the leading e-commerce platform in Southeast Asia and Taiwan, is in the final leg of the biggest Christmas sale of the year, the Shopee 12.12 Big Christmas Sale.

Ongoing since November 26, the Shopee 12.12 Big Christmas Sale will round off with a bang on December 12 with 24 hours of free shipping with a minimum spend of only ₱199 and flash sales from as low as ₱12.

On December 12, users will also be treated to a two-hour Midnight Madness brand sale with discounts up to 98% off, celebrity guest hosts for Shopee Quiz, and the exclusive launch of the latest Meizu smartphones.

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Leading brands join Shopee for a Midnight Madness Sale

Shopee, the leading e-commerce platform in Southeast Asia and Taiwan, is in the final leg of the biggest Christmas sale of the year, the Shopee 12.12 Big Christmas Sale. Ongoing since November 26, the Shopee 12.12 Big Christmas Sale will round off with a bang on December 12 with 24 hours of free shipping with a minimum spend of only ₱199 and flash sales from as low as ₱12.

On December 12, users will also be treated to a two-hour Midnight Madness brand sale with discounts up to 98% off, celebrity guest hosts for Shopee Quiz, and the exclusive launch of the latest Meizu smartphones.

Leading brands join Shopee for a Midnight Madness Sale

Celebrities Kim Atienza, K Brosas, and Luis Manzano will join the Shopee 12.12 Big Christmas Sale celebrations as guests hosts for Shopee’s latest in-app game, Shopee Quiz. Happening twice daily at 12NN and 9PM from now till December 12, users can catch the celebrity guest hosts on the evening slots of December 6, 9 and 12. Specially for December 12, users can tune in to Shopee Quiz sessions with an upsized coins pool of hundreds of thousands of Shopee Coins to be won.

Exclusive launch of Meizu’s latest smartphone

As an added bonus this Shopee 12.12 Big Christmas Sale, users can also look forward to the launch of Meizu’s latest smartphones, the Meizu M16th and C9 happening on December 12 exclusively on Shopee.

The Meizu M16th, Meizu’s flagship phone, boasts a 20mp selfie camera and a 12mp rear camera. With a super slim design that features an in-display fingerprint reader and a dual speaker system, the Meizu M16th will retail at a launch price of ₱20,399 instead of the usual ₱24,999. The Meizu C9 features a 5.45” display with HD+ resolution and up to 128GB worth of storage. It will launch at an exclusive price of just ₱3,399 instead of the usual ₱4,990. Both phones will be exclusively available on Shopee from December 12 to 31 December.

Join Shopee for the grand finale of Shopee 12.12 Big Christmas Sale. Visit for more information. Download the Shopee app for free via the App Store or Google Play.


Zoomanity Group: The Theme Park with a Heart

Just recently, Zoomanity Group headed by its Chief Executive Officer, Robert Laurel Yupangco supported the Family Day at the grounds of La Consolacion College Pasig, 100 indigent kids from the adopted community of the school came and received different kinds of imported fruits from Frontrow Enterprise headed by its Chief Executive Officer Sam Versoza and its President Raymond Francisco while Zoomanity Group gave away more than Php 300,000 worth of free rides to its 5 Theme Parks around the Philippines.

Theme parks are Zoobic Safari in Subic, Zoocobia in Clark, Zoocolate Thrills in Bohol, Paradizoo in Mendez Cavite and Zoori at Residence Inn Tagaytay.

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The indigent kids were welcomed by no other than Santa Clause who as always gracefully gave lots of candies and chocolates and ready for the photo opportunities with the children and children at heart.

Robert Laurel Yupangco of Zoomanity Group and Engr. Grace Bondad Nicolas of Kiwanis Club of Makati

Kiwanis Clubs-in the Philippines supported the gift giving and assisted in the distribution with their own gifts that’s composed of toys, biscuits and candies. Clubs included were Malate, Makati, Manila, Manila Bay, Pasay and some members who contributed from Kiwanis Club Arista and Bonifacio Global City.

Gift Giving is the annual event of Zoomanity Group and for this year, you can find them in these locations;
-December 13, 2018 Metropolitan, Makati
-December 14, 2018 Makati
-December 15, 2018 Mendez, Cavite
-December 15, 2018 Tagaytay
-December 16, 2018 Clark, Pampanga (Morning)
-December 16, 2018 Subic, Zambales (Afternoon)

Zoomanity group is the leading company in theme park industry under the Yupangco Group of Companies. Envisioning world class, innovative and enjoyable facilities from Northern to Southern Philippines by providing the best tourist destination and nature educational experiences with the facilities that is uniquely design to provide enjoyment to visitors of all ages.

For more information: and / 02 9170213 (Tag Media & Public Relations Office), 09778978877.

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Military-bound Kwon Ji Yong (GD) Bids Farewell to Southeast Asia Fans with Floral Parting Gift on Lazada

MANILA, PHILIPPINES – Popular South Korean pop icon and leader of boyband Big Bang, Kwon Ji Yong (GD), bid farewell and paid tribute to his fans in Southeast Asia with a parting gift as he reported for military duty last February 27.

The singer-songwriter and rapper has designed a gift package which will be exclusively available in a one-of-its-kind GD Official Store on Southeast Asia’s leading ecommerce company, Lazada.

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Dubbed “The Floral Pathway”, the package comprises of a premium coffee drip, a GD hand-printed mug, and a bracelet. These items come wrapped in a fancy floral-motif box that is also specially designed by GD. The floral motif is GD’s tribute to his fans, whom he refers to as his flowers, wishing that they will walk down the road to happiness. More than 7,000 gift boxes are up for grabs beginning today (February 28) in the Philippines, Malaysia and Singapore; March 1 in Indonesia; and March 13 in Thailand.

To fan the excitement across the region, Lazada got fans to join their various social media contests and live streaming videos as they bid their beloved idol farewell.

Making shopping fun and entertaining!

The latest collaboration with GD is part of Lazada’s efforts to mix entertainment with shopping and to create a fun and enriching experience for the younger generation of shoppers across Southeast Asia.

“K-pop has led to an increased interest in Korea among Southeast Asian customers. To satisfy customer needs, Lazada will expand strategic partnerships with Korean entertainment companies to offer high-value K-artist merchandise.” says Will Ross, Chief Executive Officer of Lazada Crossborder.

About Lazada Group
Launched in 2012, Lazada is the number one online shopping and selling destination in Southeast Asia – present in Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam. As the pioneer of the eCommerce ecosystem in Southeast Asia, Lazada helps more than 135,000 local and international sellers as well as 3,000 brands serving the 560 million consumers in the region through its marketplace platform, supported by a wide range of tailored marketing, data, and service solutions.

With over 210 million SKUs available, Lazada offers the widest range of products in categories ranging from consumer electronics to household goods, toys, fashion, sports equipment and groceries. Focused on delivering an excellent customer experience, it offers multiple payment methods including cash-on-delivery, comprehensive customer care and hassle-free returns through its own first and last mile delivery arm supported by more than 100 logistics partners. Lazada Group is majority owned by Alibaba Group Holding Limited (NYSE: BABA).

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